No-cut surgery now a reality

For centuries, surgery meant slicing flesh and breaking bone.

Then in the mid-19th century, doctors started developing ways to perform procedures through the use of the endoscope, which let them examine and operate on an inner body part without hacking a huge hole in the body.

But it was not till a century later that the modern endoscope – a long, thin tube that has a light source and a video camera at one end – was invented.

In the late 1950s, a type of endoscope designed for peering into joints, called the arthroscope, was used for knee operations.

Then came the laparoscope, which is meant for looking into the abdomen or pelvis. Laparoscopic surgery took off in the 1980s, starting with surgery such as those to remove the gall bladder.

Instead of a large cut, just three to five small slits are made. The surgeon operates with instruments, including laparoscopes, that are inserted through these slits.

Since then, the drive has been on to make surgery even less invasive.

Single port surgery, carried out through just a cut in the navel, has emerged in the last 10 years or so. This has been used here to remove the ovaries, womb, appendix, gall stones and stomach tumours.

In the last five years or so, surgeons have also been able to take out tumours and diseased parts of the colon through the rectum or vagina in women, employing a technique called natural orifice specimen extraction.

In fact, in a handful of cases overseas, surgery has been done without cuts on the body at all.

Some day, surgery with no surface damage could be the norm.

Source: Asia One

Subscribe to us to receive updates by email

Enter user information






Book Review

book reviewCommunity Health Nursing
ISBN: 9789834509743
Authors: Hematram Yadav, Chong Mei Chan, See Teik Lan
Visit: Oxfordfajar for more information